Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, LX470 Lexus
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation of the car
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
   Specifications
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
   Check of level of the AT working liquid
   Check of level of liquid of the power steering
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check, service and battery room charging
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Greasing of components of the chassis
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of greasing in a transfer case
   Check of level of greasing of differential
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
   Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
   Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
   Check of brake system
   Adjustment of height of situation and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
   Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
   Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Check and service of the conditioner of air (To/in)
   Service of system of cooling
   Condition check, stuffing by greasing and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
   Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
   Replacement of greasing of a transfer case
   Replacement of greasing of differential
   Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
   Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system of a retsirkulyatsiya of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ gear shifting Box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Check, service and charging of the storage battery

Performance of checks of a condition and service of the battery demand observance of some special precautionary measures. Remember that hydrogen allocated by electrolit is explosive gas in the highest measure. Do not smoke, and do not come nearer to a venue of works with open fire or the lit cigaret! Do not forget that actually the electrolit represents the diluted sulfuric acid which at hit in eyes or on open sites of a body is capable to cause strong chemical burns. The electrolit also easily can damage a fabric of clothes and a paint and varnish covering of body panels!


At battery shutdown always disconnect from it first of all a negative wire, to connect it follows the last!


If the stereosystem established on the car is equipped with a security code before disconnecting the battery, make sure that have the correct combination for audiosystem input in action!

Preparation

Tools and materials necessary at service of the storage battery

1 — Obverse boards/goggles at removal of traces of corrosion by a rigid brush crystallizing particles of acid easily can get to eyes
2 — Baking soda water solution of baking soda is used for neutralization of traces of corrosion
3 — Acid-free vaseline greasing of plugs of the battery will help to avoid corrosion development in the future
4 — the Adaptation for cleaning of plugs of batteries/tips of wires of a special form shchetochny nozzles from a rigid wire will help to smooth out effectively plugs of the battery and terminal clips
5 — the Impregnated felt washers installation of such washer directly under a terminal clip will allow to avoid corrosion development
6 — the Stripper sometimes clips of wires appear are planted on plugs very densely and do not give in to removal even a full otpuskaniye of fixture
7 — the Adaptation for cleaning of plugs of batteries/tips of wires despite constructive difference from mentioned in point 4, is intended for performance of the same tasks
8 — Rubber gloves it is not necessary to underestimate the importance of this protective tool do not forget that the battery contains sulfuric acid!


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The conscientious attitude to performance of procedures of the routine preventive maintenance of the storage battery is the unique pledge of fast and trouble-free start of the engine. Before undertaking battery service, make sure available near at hand all necessary materials and the tools guaranteeing safety of work (address to an illustration above).
2. There is also a number of additional precautionary measures which should be observed at carrying out service of the battery. Before starting works, without fail muffle the engine and switch off everything consumers of the electric power. Disconnect from the battery a negative wire.
3. Remember that in banks of the battery the hydrogen being not only easily flammable, but also explosive gas is allocated. Do not come nearer at all to a venue of works with open fire or the lit cigaret, try to use only the neiskroobrazuyushchy tool. A charging of the battery make in well ventilated room.
4. The electrolit represents solution of the sulfuric acid relating not only to the category of toxic chemical compounds, but being also extremely chemically aggressive substance. Do not allow electrolit hit in eyes, on open sites of a body and clothes subjects. Carrying out battery service, put on goggles and gloves, do not allow children to come nearer to a venue of works.
5. Study an external condition of the battery. If the positive plug of the battery with the clip put on it is equipped with a rubber protector, make sure that the last is not damaged mechanically. The protector should cover metal components of terminal connection completely. Check a condition and reliability of fastening of terminal connections, examine a casing and a battery cover on existence of cracks and other damages of a mechanical sort. Make sure of reliability of a tightening of clamping nuts. Estimate a condition of isolation of wires of the battery on all their length.

Service

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. In case of detection on a surface of the battery of traces of corrosion in the form of a white poroshkoobrazny raid (address to an accompanying illustration), in particular near the locations of plugs, it is necessary to remove the battery from the car for carrying out careful external cleaning. Weaken a wrench bolts of terminal clips (at first the negative!) and carefully disconnect from the wire battery.
2. Give fixture of a clamping level, lift the last and take the battery from an impellent compartment.
3. Carefully smooth out contact surfaces of terminal clips of wires and polar plugs of the battery special brushes with application of solution of baking soda. The same solution wash out a surface and battery covers. Watch, that solution did not get inside a banok. Cleaning make in protective masks/points and rubber gloves in order to avoid hit of particles of acid in eyes and on hands. Try to pick up also the corresponding clothes which will not be a pity for throwing out then. Having finished cleaning, rinse the processed surfaces with fresh water.
4. Check a condition of the pallet of the battery, its support and fixture of a clamping level. Wash out the pallet solution of baking soda; the sites damaged by corrosion process a first coat on a zinc basis.
5. Before installation of the battery make sure that on the pallet no tools and materials are left. Do not draw excessively fixture of a clamping level.
6. For protection of terminal connections against corrosion establish on polar plugs of the battery in a special way processed felt washers. Having connected wires, cover terminal knots with acid-free vaseline. Remember that the negative wire is always connected in the last turn!
7. Track reliability of a tightening of fixture of a clamping level (do not draw bolts).

Charging

During a charging in banks of the battery there is an allocation in the highest measure of easily flammable and explosive hydrogen! Do not smoke, do not come nearer to a charging place with open fire. Coming nearer to a battery installation site, put on goggles. Before connecting the battery to the charger, or to disconnect it, make sure that the device is disconnected from a food.


Originators of the real Management recommend to make a battery charging out of the car as being allocated during procedure performance gas is chemically aggressive in relation to paint and varnish coverings. Remember that performance of fast additional charge without a detachment from the battery of wires can lead to failure of components of electric equipment of the car.


With the best way of restoration of level of a charge of the battery which has sat down to such an extent when it becomes incapable to provide engine start, its slow charging is. This way of a charging is also optimum for batteries of the cars used in a mode of short trips. Preservation of level of a charge of the battery takes on special significance in a winter season when the most adverse conditions from the point of view of load of the accumulator are created, and also during the complicated starts of the engine and the increased intensity of functioning of consumers of the electric power.

It is best of all to use the device for continuous additional charge by a small current (1-2 And), sometimes called by also drop zaryazhatel). Such chargers provide an optimum mode of a charging of the battery with the minimum load of the last. For faster additional charge of the battery it is possible to use the power supply of a bigger current. Remember, however, that the maximum admissible force of a charging current should not exceed 1/10 from size of capacity of the battery (its ampere hour of the characteristic). At the forced charging, according to some users allowing to restore charge level for one-two hour, load of the battery becomes so high that quite often there is its irreversible exit out of operation, – try to avoid such way of additional charge, resorting to it only in extreme emergencies.

Average duration of the period of a charging of the battery should be specified in the instruction enclosed in a set to the charger. Usually it makes from 12 to 16 hours.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Remove covers of mouths of all a battery banok (if those are provided) and закупорьте openings by pure rags in order to avoid an electrolit vypleskivaniye. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery and, observing polarity, connect clips of tips of wires of the charger to battery plugs (positive positive, negative – negative). Turn on the charger in a network. If the device is equipped with the selector switch, make sure that the last is established in situation for 12 Century.
2. When using power supply with a charging current over two amperes regularly check the battery, watching that there was no its overheat. During a slow charging after initial two-hour control it is possible to leave the battery safely to be charged without supervision on all night long.
3. If banks of the charged battery are equipped with jellied mouths with demountable covers, try to check hourly within the first several hours of a charging specific weight of electrolit. Specially for this purpose rather cheap devices called by areometers are issued, to get which it is possible practically in any shop of automobile accessories. When using the areometer follow instructions of manufacturers enclosed to it. Continue a battery charging until during the last two hour measurements change of density of electrolit under condition of its free "boiling" (puzyreniye) in banks will not stop. Remember that in the serviceable battery the difference between specific weight of electrolit in all banks should be very insignificant.

Some batteries are placed in the soldered case and equipped with the built-in areometer allowing visually to define level of a charge of the battery on coloring of a color spot in an observation port of the case. Usually, bright coloring of a color spot testifies to high level of a charge of the battery; dimness of a spot says that the battery needs additional charge.

In batteries with the tight case without the built-in areometer (the indicator of level of a charge) check of level of a charge can be carried out by a connection way to plugs of the battery of the voltmeter. Target tension of completely charged battery should make not less than 12.6 In the ambassador of removal of a superficial charge.