Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, LX470 Lexus
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation of the car
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
   Specifications
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
   Check of level of the AT working liquid
   Check of level of liquid of the power steering
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check, service and battery room charging
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Greasing of components of the chassis
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of greasing in a transfer case
   Check of level of greasing of differential
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
   Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
   Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
   Check of brake system
   Adjustment of height of situation and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
   Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
   Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Check and service of the conditioner of air (To/in)
   Service of system of cooling
   Condition check, stuffing by greasing and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
   Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
   Replacement of greasing of a transfer case
   Replacement of greasing of differential
   Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
   Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system of a retsirkulyatsiya of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ gear shifting Box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Check of levels of liquids

Below some special procedures of service demanding performance of additional checks of levels of liquids are described also. Regularly look under the car, checking it on existence of signs of development of leakages of working liquids.

Various liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, braking, heating and air conditioning, washing of glasses etc. In view of that all liquids are subject eventually to a razzhizheniye and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their complete replacement periodically. Before starting correction of level or replacement, familiarize with the list recommended for use in the car of grades of liquids (see. Specifications to the present Chapter).

At check of levels of liquids the car should be parked on an equal horizontal platform, whenever possible with a firm covering.

Impellent oil

Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, passed in directing tube and lowered in the engine to the bottom point of the pallet of its case. Location measuring щупа is shown on illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car.

Check of level of oil should be made before the trip first in the present day, or about 15 minutes later after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after engine switching off, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as the part of oil will appear distributed on internal galleries and engine components.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Take measuring щуп from a directing tube and dry wipe its edge pure rags or a paper towel. Insert щуп back into a tube against the stop, then again take. Having examined an edge щупа, onastroyka and routine maintenance автомобиляцените size of the site moistened with oil. Level of oil should be between top (F) and bottom (L) marks in an edge щупа. In case of need add in the engine the corresponding amount of oil of a demanded grade.
2. Level lifting from the bottom mark on щупе to top needs slightly less than one liter of oil. Level lowering out of limits of the bottom border of an admissible range conducts to development of oil starvation of the engine fraught with serious mechanical damages of the last. Try not to pour also oil above the top mark as it can lead to a pelting of spark plugs (the petrol engine) or failure of epiploons of the power unit as a result of excessive increase of pressure.
3. To fill in oil in the engine it is necessary to remove the cover of a jellied mouth equipped with a carving (address to illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car). In order to avoid an oil razbryzgivaniye during its filling in the engine use a funnel, or a butterdish with a long nouse. Having filled in oil, screw and strongly tighten a cover of a jellied mouth, then start the engine and attentively examine on existence of signs of leaks a drain stopper and a surface of the oil filter interfaced to the block. Muffle the engine, wait about 15 minutes during which oil will merge in the pallet, then once again check its level.

Check of level of impellent oil is important preventive procedure of service of the engine.

Continuous decrease in level testifies to existence of leakages of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing laying, wear of piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil on color or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of laying of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a head body (ok) or the block of cylinders. Check should be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its condition. Big and index fingers remove from an edge щупа oil traces, – in case of presence at it small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (see. Section Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter).

Cooling liquid of the engine

Do not allow antifreeze hit on open sites of a body and the painted surfaces of the car. Casual splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water. Remember that antifreeze is extremely toxic liquid and its hit in an organism even in small amounts is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to a lethal outcome. Never leave antifreeze being stored in leaky closed container, immediately collect cooling liquid spilled on a floor. Remember that the sweetish smell of antifreeze can draw to itself attention of children and animals. About ways utilization of the fulfilled cooling liquid consult with local authorities, – in many regions of the world special points on different reception of working off are equipped. At all do not merge old cooling liquid in the sewerage and on the earth!


Recently nontoxical grades of antifreeze are developed, nevertheless, they also should to be utilized in the organized order.

All models of cars described in the real Management are equipped with system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located in a forward part of an impellent compartment (address to illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car) and connected by a perelivny hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At engine warming up cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows via the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, liquid comes back on a hose back to a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.

Do not uncover at all a jellied mouth of a radiator / a broad tank at the hot engine!

Level of cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and should be supported between FULL and LOW marks put on stack of the tank made of translucent plastic. It is necessary to remember that level of cooling liquid depends on its temperature therefore it should be in a cold condition only slightly above bottom (LOW), and after engine warming up – to be taken away to FULL mark. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added in a tank through a mouth demanded quantity of a fresh mix.

For correction of level of liquid use only demanded structure a mix этиленгликоля and the distilled water (about 50/50). Remember that frequent application for this purpose leads idle time of water to a gradual razzhizheniye of antifreeze and an utrachivaniye a mix of frost resistance and anticorrosive properties. It is not necessary to abuse also various type additives.

Continuous falling of level of cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check on existence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses and their collars, a cover of a jellied mouth, laying of a cover of a radiator, drain jams and the case of the water pump. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care center workshop.

Do not uncover at all a radiator / a broad tank at the hot engine!

In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait complete cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly unscrew a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is a steam emission, let's to the engine cool down a little more, after it finally uncover.

Besides level always check also a condition of cooling liquid, – it should be rather transparent. If cooling liquid is painted in henna-red color of a rust, the system of cooling should be emptied, washed out and filled with a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, inhibitors of corrosion entering into its structure are exposed eventually to development therefore cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see. Undressed the Schedule of routine maintenance).

Try not to allow antifreeze hits on open sites of skin or the painted surfaces of body components. Casual splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water.

Liquid for windscreen washing

Liquid for washing of a windscreen is filled in in the special tank made of plastic located in a forward part of an impellent compartment of the car (address to illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car). Some models are equipped also with systems of washing of back glass and the head headlights being a component of system of washing of a windscreen. In regions with a temperate climate as liquid for washing of glass pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of compensation of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe climatic conditions it is necessary to fill in only patent screen wipers providing the corresponding decrease in a freezing point of liquid in the tank. In order to avoid a glass obmerzaniye when washing in cold weather previously warm up it a way обдува passed via the heater heat exchanger air.

Rules of configuration of a mix are usually printed to a container label. At all do not apply to addition in liquid of washing of glasses used in cooling system antifreeze, the last is aggressive in relation to a paint and varnish covering of body panels!

Electrolit of the storage battery

Cars considered in the real Management are completed with the battery of tight type not needing service in which case only ventilating openings are provided.

The case of the battery can be made of translucent plastic, – in this case electrolit level in its banks can be supervised for the purpose of obtaining indirect information on serviceability of functioning of system of a charge and current state of the battery (address to an accompanying illustration).

If in use a vehicle the battery for any reason was replaced on usual (served), follows not less than once a month to check electrolit level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied jams. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolit level in a warm season. For correction of level of electrolit it is necessary to use only the distilled water.

Working liquid of brake system

The main brake cylinder (GTTs) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (address to illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car).

Liquid level in the GTTs tank is well looked through through translucent walls of the last and should be supported between marks of MIN and the MOVE, without reaching to top on 8-9 mm (address to an accompanying illustration).

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. In case of need corrections of level of liquid carefully wipe a cover of the tank and a surface round it pure rags in order to avoid hit in hydraulic system of dirt.
2. At a liquid flood in the tank watch that it was not sprayed on the surrounding painted surfaces of body elements. Add only liquid of the grade stipulated by standard requirements (see. Specifications), – mixing of two liquids of a various grade is not admissible at all and can lead to refusal of the relevant system! Fill the GTTs tank no more than on 3/4, at cover installation level will rise owing to liquid replacement by a float of the measuring sensor.

Brake liquid is extremely chemically aggressive, do not allow hit it in eyes and on the painted surfaces of body panels! Do not use for addition in system the hydraulic liquid which has staid of more than one year, or stored in leaky closed container. Remember that brake liquid is very hygroscopic, i.e. possesses ability to absorb moisture from air therefore efficiency of functioning of brake system can dangerously decrease!

3. At a stage of correction of level it is necessary to check also attentively a condition of liquid and internal walls of the tank. In case of identification of mud deposits, firm extraneous particles or water drops the system should be emptied and filled with fresh hydraulic liquid (see. Heads Transmission line and Brake system).
4. After the tank will be filled to demanded level, densely plant on it a cover.
5. Remember that level of hydraulic liquid in the GTTs tank in process of operation of frictional overlays of brake shoes gradually falls, however this decrease is always very insignificant. If liquid has to be added too often, therefore, in system the leak which source should be immediately revealed takes place, and the reason is eliminated, – attentively examine all brake lines and their shtutserny connections, including supports, wheel cylinders and the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier (Check of brake system for more details see in the Section).
6. If during check of level of liquid in GTTs that fact is elicited that its tank is almost devastated, the system should be pumped completely over (see. Head Brake system).