Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470
since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, LX470 Lexus
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation of the car
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information about settings and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
Check of level of the AT working liquid
Check of level of liquid of the power steering
Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
Check, service and battery room charging
Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Rotation of wheels
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
Greasing of components of the chassis
Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of greasing in a transfer case
Check of level of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of seat belts
Check and adjustment of turns of idling
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
Check of brake system
Adjustment of height of situation and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check and service of the conditioner of air (To/in)
Service of system of cooling
Condition check, stuffing by greasing and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
Replacement of greasing of a transfer case
Replacement of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system of a retsirkulyatsiya of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ gear shifting Box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Check of levels of liquids
Various liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, braking, heating and air conditioning, washing of glasses etc. In view of that all liquids are subject eventually to a razzhizheniye and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their complete replacement periodically. Before starting correction of level or replacement, familiarize with the list recommended for use in the car of grades of liquids (see. Specifications to the present Chapter).
Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, passed in directing tube and lowered in the engine to the bottom point of the pallet of its case. Location measuring щупа is shown on illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car.
Check of level of oil should be made before the trip first in the present day, or about 15 minutes later after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after engine switching off, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as the part of oil will appear distributed on internal galleries and engine components.
Check of level of impellent oil is important preventive procedure of service of the engine.
Continuous decrease in level testifies to existence of leakages of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing laying, wear of piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil on color or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of laying of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a head body (ok) or the block of cylinders. Check should be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its condition. Big and index fingers remove from an edge щупа oil traces, – in case of presence at it small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (see. Section Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter).
Cooling liquid of the engine
All models of cars described in the real Management are equipped with system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located in a forward part of an impellent compartment (address to illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car) and connected by a perelivny hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At engine warming up cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows via the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, liquid comes back on a hose back to a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.
Level of cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and should be supported between FULL and LOW marks put on stack of the tank made of translucent plastic. It is necessary to remember that level of cooling liquid depends on its temperature therefore it should be in a cold condition only slightly above bottom (LOW), and after engine warming up – to be taken away to FULL mark. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added in a tank through a mouth demanded quantity of a fresh mix.
Continuous falling of level of cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check on existence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses and their collars, a cover of a jellied mouth, laying of a cover of a radiator, drain jams and the case of the water pump. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care center workshop.
In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait complete cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly unscrew a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is a steam emission, let's to the engine cool down a little more, after it finally uncover.
Besides level always check also a condition of cooling liquid, – it should be rather transparent. If cooling liquid is painted in henna-red color of a rust, the system of cooling should be emptied, washed out and filled with a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, inhibitors of corrosion entering into its structure are exposed eventually to development therefore cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see. Undressed the Schedule of routine maintenance).
Try not to allow antifreeze hits on open sites of skin or the painted surfaces of body components. Casual splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water.
Liquid for windscreen washing
Liquid for washing of a windscreen is filled in in the special tank made of plastic located in a forward part of an impellent compartment of the car (address to illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car). Some models are equipped also with systems of washing of back glass and the head headlights being a component of system of washing of a windscreen. In regions with a temperate climate as liquid for washing of glass pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of compensation of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe climatic conditions it is necessary to fill in only patent screen wipers providing the corresponding decrease in a freezing point of liquid in the tank. In order to avoid a glass obmerzaniye when washing in cold weather previously warm up it a way обдува passed via the heater heat exchanger air.
Electrolit of the storage battery
Cars considered in the real Management are completed with the battery of tight type not needing service in which case only ventilating openings are provided.
If in use a vehicle the battery for any reason was replaced on usual (served), follows not less than once a month to check electrolit level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied jams. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolit level in a warm season. For correction of level of electrolit it is necessary to use only the distilled water.
Working liquid of brake system
The main brake cylinder (GTTs) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (address to illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car).