Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, LX470 Lexus
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation of the car
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information about settings and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
Check of level of the AT working liquid
Check of level of liquid of the power steering
Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
Check, service and battery room charging
Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Rotation of wheels
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
Greasing of components of the chassis
Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of greasing in a transfer case
Check of level of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of seat belts
Check and adjustment of turns of idling
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check and replacement of the valve of system of operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
Condition check, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts
Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
Check of brake system
Adjustment of height of situation and free wheeling of a pedal of a brake
Check of a condition and replacement of spark plugs (petrol engines)
Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check and service of the conditioner of air (To/in)
Service of system of cooling
Condition check, stuffing by greasing and adjustment of forward naves and wheel bearings
Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
Replacement of greasing of a transfer case
Replacement of greasing of differential
Check of a condition of components of system of catching of fuel evaporations
Check of serviceability of a condition of components of system of a retsirkulyatsiya of the fulfilled gases (EGR)
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ gear shifting Box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
Regular and rather frequent performance of replacement of impellent oil is one of the main procedures of preventive maintenance of the car, lying within qualification of the average amateur mechanic. Eventually impellent oil is subject to aging that is shown in its gradual razzhizheniye and the pollution conducting to premature wear of internal components of the engine. In spite of the fact that separate sources recommend to make replacement of the oil filter only at every second change of impellent oil, originators of the real Management consider that in view of relative insignificance of cost of a replaceable component and importance of influence of its condition on serviceability of functioning of the engine and efficiency of its return, it is meaningful to change the filter each time at oil replacement.
The tool kit, necessary for replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
|1. Make sure available near at hand all materials and the tools necessary for performance of replacement of oil and the oil filter (address to an illustration above). Prepare also enough of rags and old newspapers for collecting traces of the spilled oil.
2. For the purpose of providing a free access to the pallet of a case and to the oil filter lift the car the winch, tire out it on a platform, or поддомкратьте and establish on props.
At all do not carry out any works under the car which has been propped up only under a bumper or withheld in lifted situation only by a jack!
4. Make sure of horizontal position of an arrangement of the car on props/lift. Warm up the engine to normal working temperature, hot oil possesses bigger fluidity and better washes away шлам and a precipitation. Use the compelled idle time to spread out in a convenient order all necessary tools and materials. Muffle the engine and uncover a jellied mouth of impellent oil (address to accompanying illustrations in Settings and routine maintenance of the car).
||3. Be appropriated for the car and familiarize with an arrangement of a drain stopper of the pallet of a case and the oil filter (address to an accompanying illustration). Remember that the power unit and components of system of production of the fulfilled gases during the whole time of performance of procedure will remain rather hot, think over the scheme of safe manipulations with hands to avoid casual contact to the warmed-up surfaces.
5. Make sure of reliability of fixing of the car in the lifted situation.
6. Being careful (see paragraph 3), be appropriated for the car and establish drain capacity under the case pallet with that calculation that during the first moment the stream will follow through an opening with a decent pressure. Trying not to touch the warmed-up surfaces of the power unit and components of system of production of the fulfilled gases, turn out a drain stopper from the lower part of the pallet of a case. Depending on oil temperature, at a final stage of a reversing of a stopper it is possible to use rubber gloves, or to refuse them.
7. Allow oil to flow down freely in capacity, as appropriate correcting situation of the last in process of weakening of a pressure of a stream. Check existence in the merged oil of metal sawdust.
8. After oil will stop to follow from an engine case, carefully wipe a drain stopper pure rags, to it can подлипнуть small metal sawdust which will immediately lead to pollution of fresh oil.
9. Wipe a pallet surface round a drain opening, screw a stopper on a place and tighten it with demanded effort.
10. Move drain capacity under the oil filter.
||11a. By means of one of types of special keys (address to an illustration at the beginning of this Section) weaken the filter (address to accompanying illustrations). In the course of a reversing the case of the filter can appear is damaged that has no special value in case of its unequivocal replacement (the old filter for a reversing can be pierced simply a big screw-driver, prepare for collecting spilled oil).
12. Pure rags carefully wipe a landing surface of the filter on the block. Once again make sure that old laying did not remain on the engine, in case of need use a scraper.
||11b. Manually finally turn out the filter from the block, remember that in it any amount of oil which should be let out in drain capacity continues to remain. Make sure that rubber sealing laying acted in film together with the filter if is not present, accurately separate it from a surface of the block of the engine.
13. Make sure that the new filter corresponds on a standard size removed from the car. Grease rubber sealing laying of the new filter by a thin layer of pure impellent oil and screw the new filter in the engine, adhering specified by an arrow on its case of the direction of rotation. In order to avoid damage of laying do not apply to a tightening of the oil filter any keys. After the filter will nestle laying on a block surface, hold on it on 3/4 turns.
14. Take from under the car all tools and materials try not to overturn drain capacity. Lower the car on the earth.
15. Uncover a jellied mouth of impellent oil and fill in in it fresh oil – for the purpose of minimization of losses use a funnel. For the gulf about 2.8 l, wait some minutes, having allowed oil to flow down in the pallet, then check its level on measuring щупу (see. Section Check of levels of liquids). If level is above the bottom mark, start the engine, having provided circulation of fresh oil.
16. Let's to the engine work within about a minute, again muffle it and at once glance under the car, checking, whether there are no leaks through a drain stopper and the polnopotochny filter. In case of need tighten a component allowing leak a little.
17. During oil circulation on the engine (about 1 minute), there is a filling of the new oil filter. Now it is necessary to check again level of oil and in case of need to add still its some quantity, having finished level to the top mark in an edge щупа (check make some minutes later after engine switching off, – oil should manage to flow down completely in the case pallet).
During the first several trips after change of impellent oil try as it is possible to check its level more often.
The fulfilled oil merged from the engine is not subject to the secondary use and should be handed over on special place of acceptance. At all do not merge working off on the earth or in the sewerage – pour it in tightly closed container and at the first possibility hand over.