Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, LX470 Lexus
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation of the car
+ Settings and routine maintenance of the car
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ gear shifting Box
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
- Suspension bracket and steering
   Specifications
   Removal and installation of forward shock-absorbers
   Removal and installation of the forward stabilizer of cross-section stability
   Removal and installation of assembly of a rotary fist with a nave
   Check of a condition and replacement of spherical support
   Removal and installation of torsionny bars
   Removal and installation of the top managing director of the lever of a forward suspension bracket
   Removal and installation of the bottom managing director of the lever of a forward suspension bracket
   Removal and installation of back shock-absorbers
   Removal and installation of a bar of the back stabilizer of cross-section stability
   Removal and installation of a jet bar
   Removal and installation of a screw spring of a back suspension bracket
   Removal and installation of levers of a back suspension bracket
   Removal and installation of a steering wheel
   Condition check, removal and installation of drafts of a steering drive
   Replacement of protective covers of assembly of the steering mechanism
   Removal and installation of the steering mechanism
   Removal and installation of the steering pump
   Air removal from a hydraulic path of system of strengthening of a wheel
   Wheels and tires - the general information
   Corners of installation of wheels
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Corners of installation of wheels

General information

Corners of installation of wheels of the car

And – In = With (A corner of disorder of wheels in degrees)
D= A corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (выбег) in degrees
Е–F = Convergence in millimeters
G= Convergence in degrees


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Corners of installation of forward wheels define geometry of provision of the last concerning a car and paving suspension bracket. Violation of adjustment of this geometry conducts to decrease in controllability of the car and increase of speed of wear of tires. Into number of subjects to control of corners of installation of forward wheels of the car enter disorder, выбег (a corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel) and convergence (address to an illustration above).
2. Adjustment of geometry of a forward suspension bracket demands use of the special expensive and bulky equipment and it is necessary to charge its performance to specialists of car-care center.
3. The data size to each other forward edges of wheels of the car is called as convergence. Such violation of parallelism of installation of wheels allows to minimize wear of a protector for the account юза at commission of turns. At zero convergence distance between forward edges of wheels equally to distance between their back edges. Normal convergence usually does not exceed inch shares (1 inch = 2.54 cm). Adjustment of convergence of forward wheels is carried out by adjustment of length of steering drafts at the expense of change of provision of their tips. Violation of adjustment of convergence conducts to acceleration of wear of protectors of tires at the expense of a proskalzyvaniye them on a paving.
4. The tilt angle of the plane of wheels concerning a vertical is called as disorder. If wheels are inclined by the upper edges outside, disorder is called as positive, and on the contrary. The size of disorder is measured in degrees. Correctness of adjustment of disorder defines size and the provision of a spot of contact of protectors with the road and allows to compensate changes in suspension bracket geometry during commission of turns and at car movement on a rough paving. Correction of disorder is made by rotation of the special adjusting cams established in a lobby and a back part of the top levers of a suspension bracket.
5. Vybegom is called a corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel, i.e., a deviation corner from a vertical of an axis of turn of a wheel in the plane of the last. If the axis of turn is inclined back, выбег is called as positive, and on the contrary. Adjustment выбега is made at the same time with correction of disorder. By analogy, a cross-section tilt angle of an axis of turn of a wheel call a corner of a deviation imagined шкворня from a vertical in the plane, perpendicular DP of the car.

Check and adjustment of corners of installation of wheels

Preliminary checks

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Estimate degree of wear of protectors, check pressure of a rating of tires.
2. Make sure that the size of lateral palpation of wheels does not exceed 1.2 mm.
3. Check adjustment of a pretightness of bearings of forward wheels.
4. Estimate reliability of fastening of components of a forward suspension bracket and a steering drive. Estimate size люфта spherical support.
5. Check serviceability of a condition of shock-absorbers.

Check and adjustment of disorder and corners of longitudinal and cross-section inclinations of an axis of turn of a wheel

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Tire out the car on the adjusting stand and make measurement listed in heading of subsection of under control parameters (see. Specifications).
2a. If the size of disorder and/or a corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (выбега) does not correspond to the accepted norms, it is necessary to make the corresponding adjustment by rotation forward...
2b.... and/or a back adjusting cam of the bottom lever of a suspension bracket (address to accompanying illustrations).
3. If after performance of adjustment of disorder and выбега the corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel falls outside the limits an admissible range, it is necessary to check a condition of a rotary fist and elements of a forward suspension bracket.

Check and adjustment of convergence of forward wheels

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Shake the car for the purpose of a usadka of elements of a suspension bracket.
2. Establish forward wheels in rectilinear situation and give a ride to the car forward approximately on 5 meters.
3. Note the central points of the back parties of protectors and measure distance between them (In) (address to an accompanying illustration).
4. Give a ride to the car forward so that the put-down labels moved on height of an axis of a wheel, but from the forward party of the last and make similar previous the measurement (And) (address to an accompanying illustration).
5. The size of convergence is defined by a subtraction way from result of the first measurement result of the second (In – And). Compare the received difference to requirements of Specifications.
6. In case of need weaken nuts of coupling collars of tips of steering drafts and as appropriate correct length of the last. Track, that after completion of adjustment of length of drafts remained equal each other.