Toyota Land Cruiser 100/Amazon, Lexus LX 470
since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
Toyota Land Cruiser, Amazon, LX470 Lexus
+ Identification numbers of the car
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation of the car
+ Settings and routine maintenance of the car
+ Systems of cooling of the engine, salon and air conditioning heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ gear shifting Box
- Transmission line
Driveshafts and hinges - the general information
Check of a condition of the transmission line
Removal and driveshaft installation
Replacement of kardanny hinges
Driving shaft/semi-axes, - the general information and condition check
Removal and installation of semi-axes, bearings and epiploons of the back bridge
Replacement of an epiploon of a leading gear wheel of differential
Removal and installation of assembly of the back bridge
Removal and installation of power shafts
Replacement of protective covers and service of CV JOINTS
Removal and installation of assembly of forward differential
Removal and installation of naves with a disconnected drive
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Driveshafts and hinges – the general information
The driveshaft represents a pipe by means of which the torque developed by the engine is transferred from a transfer case to differential of the main transfer. Since both ends the shaft is equipped with universal (kardanny) hinges.
In front the driveshaft is equipped with the sliding coupling with a bifurcate collar of the kardanny hinge on the end. The coupling enters into the case of lengthening of a transmission that provides the transmission line demanded freedom of moving in the longitudinal direction, compensating the shifts of transmission which are inevitably occurring during movement of the car. Tightness of landing of the coupling in the case of lengthening is provided with an epiploon which in case of development of leaks is subject to replacement.
Each of driveshafts fastens to a transfer case by means of a connecting flange. After driveshaft removal the corresponding flange can be dismantled from a box with the purpose of check of a condition and performance of replacement of epiploons. Each of flanges is equipped with two epiploons, – one is established between a flange and a case of the box, the second (the smaller size) is planted directly in a flange.
Driveshafts demand the minimum attention. Hinges jam greasing once and in default are replaced assembled. Replacement of hinges is made on the shaft removed from the car.
In view of features of the appointment the driveshaft demands good balancing that means need of periodic cleaning it from sticking mud deposits, try to examine shaft each time when the car for any reason appears it is lifted over the earth. Check existence on the places and reliability of fixing balancing грузиков. Remember that shaft deployment on 180 ° at installation inevitably leads to balancing violation.
Violation of serviceability of functioning of the driveshaft is usually accompanied by characteristic sounds and increase of level of vibration at car movement (see. The section devoted to diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and systems of the car in Introduction to the real Management).